Non-School Problems and Urban School Desegregation: An Historical Analysis of the Implications of Desegregation for School Effectiveness in the Cleveland Municipal School District
University of Kansas
How does school racial composition affect the effectiveness of schools?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
- Desegregation aids school effectiveness--makes schools less ineffective.
- Start of desegregation reduced race differences in school effectiveness and brought about net improvement for minorities and Whites. Desegregation helped pull minorities up without harming Whites.
- Desegregation redistributes non-school disadvantages and advantages across the schools, make average school more effective (or in CMSD, less ineffective).
- Desegregation primarily helps minorities and may benefit disadvantaged Whites.
- The results are while controlling for student poverty and minority concentration.
- Desegregation works through the mixing of economic, social, and cultural endowments across all students in CMSD and mixing school resources and quality.
Academic Achievement, Cultural Capital, Desegregation, Financial Capital, Resegregation, Social Capital
Secondary Data, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Two Stage Least Squares
Cleveland School District
Unit of Analysis:
- Data include yearly records for 370,000 1st-12th grade students from 1978-1998
- Student level data including demographics, achievement, mobility
- School level data including poverty levels, resources, students' neighborhood data including social disorganization, crime, poverty concentration
- Data are taken from CMSD archives, Census and court records, and police reports.
- IV: Social, cultural, and financial capital of students.
- DV: School effectiveness and student outcomes