Hallinan, Maureen T.
Affirmative Action in the Classroom: Diversity Effects on Student Outcomes: Social Science Evidence
University of Notre Dame
Impact of diversity on student learning in higher education
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Ohio State Law Journal
Vol. 59, pp. 733-754
- The article examines the empirical and theoretical research on the effects of racial and ethnic diversity on student outcomes.
- The author outlines a conceptual model of learning that shows how cognitive, social and contextual factors interact to affect learning.
- Learning is shown as a function of student ability, student effort, and opportunities to learn.
- Three factors are important for learning opportunities- how students are organized, teacher pedagogy, and curriculum content.
- The research generally shows that desegregated schools have a positive effect on student achievement.
- The studies indicate that diversity has positive affects on attitudes and social ties across racial groups.
- The effects of diversity on college students are predominantly positive.
- The author summarizes the sociological and social psychological theories that support and provide insights into diversity effects---contact theory, expectations states theory, network theory and theories of interpersonal attraction.
- Racial and ethnic diversity benefit both White and minority students without measurable disadvantages for any group of students
Journal Article Review of Literature
Academic Achievement, Affirmative Action, Curriculum, Desegregation, Diversity, Outcomes
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Includes both large-scale surveys and small sample studies will be included; similarly, findings based on both quantitative and qualitative analyses were used.
- Includes quantitative and qualitative analyses focused on racial and ethnic diversity.
- Includes studies examining the impact of diversity on student academic achievmeent, educational attainment, satisfaction with college, racial and ethnic attitudes, multicultural understanding, and social behavior.