Gallego, Francisco A., & Hernando, Andres E.
On the Determinants and Implications of School Choice: Comments Semi-Structural Simulations for Chile
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Studies the effects of school choice on bothstudent welfare and socioeconomic segregation.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 197-239
- Students from affluent families tend to travel farther and attend schools with higher test results than do students from lower income brackets.
- Parents that expect their child to do better in school tend to travel farther and are willing to pay more for schools.
- Differences in quality seem to be the most important factor driving the decision to attend school in the home or other municipalities.
- Results of simulations suggest that while school choice seems to be valuable to consumers, there is a lot of heterogeneity along at least two dimensions: the different characteristics of the Chilean school
choice system seem to be valued in different ways by different households, and different groups of consumers value school choice in different ways.
Journal Article Historical Analysis
Choice, SES Composition, Segregation
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Sample frame consists of fourth grade students living in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago in 2002, which has the broadest school choice in the country owing to the high entry of voucher schools and the existence of relatively low transportation costs, parent's expectations of student's academics
- DV: School choice (measured as discrete choice of single school)
- IV: Characteristics of peers (mean and standard deviation of income and mother’s education at the school level), indicators of the development of cognitive abilities (test scores), indicators of the development of non-cognitive skills (discipline and the teaching of religious values), proxies for transportation costs (distance from school to the center of the municipality in which the student lives and a dummy for whether the school is close to a subway station), the top-up charged by the school, a dummy indicating whether the school has an extended day, and a dummy for whether the school is single sex or coeducational, student achievement measured by fourth grade test scores, socioeconomic background (measured by household income and mother's education)