Frankenberg, Erica, & Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve
Choice Without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards
University of California-Los Angeles
Examines diversity and racial isolation within charter schools in 40 states and several dozen metropolitan areas.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Education Digest
Vol. 76, No. 5, pp. 44-47
- While charter schools are increasing in number and size, enrollment presently accounts for only 2.5% of all public school students.
- Charter schools attract a higher percentage of black students than traditional public schools, in part because they tend to be located in urban areas. As a result, charter school enrollment patterns display high levels of minority segregation, particularly for Black students.
- At the national level, 70% of Black charter school students attend intensely segregated minority charter schools (which enroll 90%-100% of students from under-represented minority backgrounds), or twice as many as the share of intensely segregated Black students in traditional public schools.
- Higher percentages of charter school students of every race attend predominantly minority schools (50%-100% minority students) or racially isolated minority schools (90%-100% minority students) than do their same-race peers in traditional public schools.
- Patterns in the West and in a few areas in the South, the two most racially diverse regions of the country, also suggest that charters serve as havens for white flight from public schools.
Journal Article Historical Analysis
Charter Schools, Racial Composition
Descriptive Statistics, Literature Review, Policy Analysis
Method of Analysis:
Descriptive Statistics, Policy Analysis
Unit of Analysis:
- Analysis of 40 states, the District of Columbia, and several dozen metropolitan areas with large charter school enrollments.
- Uses federal data