Rossell, Christine H.
The Evolution of School Desegregation Plans Since 1954
An examination of school desegregation plans since 1954.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
"The End of Desegregation?" Chapter 3, pp. 51-72
- 12% of districts in the United States have a desegregation plan
- 29% of school districts larger than 5,000 in size have a desegregation plan
- 59% of school districts larger than 27,500 in size have a desegregation plan
- Interracial exposure is difficult to measure because theoretically, a school district can have perfect racial balance even if there are almost no Whites in a district, just so long as there are enough Whites to have one in each district. Racial balance measures assess only the even distribution of the races, not how much exposure minority students have to Whites.
- Evidence suggests that limiting racial controls has little or no effect on the extent of interracial exposure or racial balance in a school district.
- School choice programs, even if greatly expanded, are not going to eliminate the racial and ethnic isolation of the major urban school districts, although they can be a meaningful alternative to minority families who are unhappy with their local public schools.
- Public schools could also provide more services to poor families to obviate the need for school choice.
- Survey shows that most minority parents today value quality education over integration.
Chapter in Book
African American, Desegregation
Method of Analysis:
School Desegregation Cases
Unit of Analysis:
- The primary data for this survey came from a survey administered to a stratified national probability sample of 600 school districts drawn from a universe of 6.392 school districts with more than one school for at least one grade grouping.
- The universe was stratified according to district size and racial composition.
- The smaller the school district the less likely it was to be sampled so the larger its weight.
- Districts greater than 27,500 were selected with certainty and assigned weights of 1.0
- The sum of the weights for the districts in the sample equals the total number of districts in the universe of multi-school districts.
- DV: Percent White, racial imbalance, White no-show rates, racial imbalance, change in interracial exposure
- IV: Desgregation plans over time